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A few years ago I made a Venn diagram using floats and absolute positioning. It was fine. Nothing to really brag about, but it got the point across. I had use for CSS shapes in a project and wanted to play around beyond what the project itself allowed. I decided to revisit my Venn diagram and create something a bit more modern and flexible.

This also gave me a chance to play with CSS grid overlaps, which I had not done yet simply because I had no reason. This post is just a summation of what I made with some stuff I learned. I spent a good deal of time faffing about with this and trying to create a baseline set of HTML and CSS that I could just drop in anywhere and was natively responsive.

That also meant I had to make some technical decisions and trade-offs that might bite me in the bum down the road.

VennDiagram: a package for the generation of highly-customizable Venn and Euler diagrams in R

Sorting the HTML was probably the easiest part for me. The bones are headings and paragraphs in containers. Nor should it. I also need an element for the CSS shapes to enable text wrapping the way I want. While I could use generated containers from ::before and ::afterthat takes away the ability to do ad hoc novel styling for unique cases down the road. The thing that really makes this work is support for CSS shapesa candidate recommendation from the W3C. Developers have been asking for support in Edge since but so far it is only under consideration.

When you write your CSS shapes, you may find the syntax is a bit complex for manually coding anything more than a box or a circle. For the Venn diagram I have angles that I cannot easily plot onto points.

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This is where the Firefox shape editor proved to be a life saver. Not only will it show you which point on a shape maps to which values in the syntax, it will let you drag them around or type in your own values. That also mean it was easy for me to re-use them by just doing some math updating the mirrored values across shapes.

You may note that the CSS shapes do not go right up the edges of the containers and lines. This is intentional. I wanted some control over distance from edges at different points in the shape.

The shape-margin property only accepts a single value, so you cannot set the top different from the left edge, like you can with margin or padding. You should also note that using CSS shapes will result in more text clipping than just the fixed-size container itself.

If you use the code as-is, you will also need to use text that will fit in these spaces. Be sure to test with your chosen typeface and font settings as well. You will notice a slight vertical gap between each. If the bounding boxes overlap, the text will be pushed below them both.

I wanted my Venn diagram to be sized based on the viewport, not necessarily the page layout. My thought is that there would be greater chance of text being large enough to be legible. While it may not be an ideal long-term approach, I had to at least address an immediate limitation — embedding it in non-full-width layouts.

I added a CSS custom property that mostly just acts as a multiplier to the base sizing. I have used CSS grid in production sites since However, it meant I was limited in how far I could push grid. My use of CSS shapes changed that calculus a bit for me.The concept of business graphics includes methods and means of graphical interpretation of scientific and business information: tables, diagrams, charts, illustrations.

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Sort: Best Template New Template. Download page. Venn diagram PowerPoint template pack 20 unique slides. Circular flow ppt templates 56 unique slides. Business process management PPT download 1 unique slides. PPT flow chart template 1 unique slides. Mind map. Mind map template 1 unique slides.

Mind map templates 1 unique slides. PowerPoint Pie Chart 1 unique slides. PowerPoint Pie Charts 1 unique slides. Venn diagrams in PowerPoint 1 unique slides. Venn diagram in PPT 1 unique slides. Fishbone template PPT 1 unique slides. Fishbone diagram template PowerPoint 1 unique slides.Visualization of orthogonal disjoint or overlapping datasets is a common task in bioinformatics. Few tools exist to automate the generation of extensively-customizable, high-resolution Venn and Euler diagrams in the R statistical environment.

To fill this gap we introduce VennDiagraman R package that enables the automated generation of highly-customizable, high-resolution Venn diagrams with up to four sets and Euler diagrams with up to three sets. The VennDiagram package offers the user the ability to customize essentially all aspects of the generated diagrams, including font sizes, label styles and locations, and the overall rotation of the diagram. We have implemented scaled Venn and Euler diagrams, which increase graphical accuracy and visual appeal.

Diagrams are generated as high-definition TIFF files, simplifying the process of creating publication-quality figures and easing integration with established analysis pipelines. The VennDiagram package allows the creation of high quality Venn and Euler diagrams in the R statistical environment. The visualization of complex datasets is an increasingly important part of biology. Many experiments involve the integration of multiple datasets to understand complementary aspects of biology.

These overlapping results can be visualized in a number of ways, including textual tables e.

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Venn diagrams have seen increasing use due to their familiarity, ease-of-interpretation, and graphical simplicity. For the purpose of this publication, Venn diagrams can be defined as diagrams that use simple geometrical shapes such as circles and ellipses to display all 2 n -1 possible areas created by the interaction of n sets.

The use of simple geometrical shapes reduces figure complexity and size relative to space-consuming tables or network layouts. However, despite this popularity, there are currently few packages for generating Venn diagrams in the widely-used R statistical environment. These packages are limited in their ability to generate high-resolution, publication-quality Venn diagrams in that they allow little customization of colours, line-types, label-placement, and label font.

Numerous special-cases are handled inappropriately, and the output is not usually in the format of high-resolution, publication-quality TIFF files. All of these suffer from some of the weaknesses listed above. Additionally, if some intersecting or non-intersecting areas in a Venn diagram do not exist, another class of diagrams called Euler diagrams may be more desirable. Euler diagrams are equivalent to Venn diagrams when all intersecting and non-intersecting areas exist.

However, areas containing zero elements are shown on Venn diagrams by definitionwhereas Euler diagrams show only non-zero areas. In many cases, Euler diagrams further reduce figure complexity, increase graphical accuracy and improve overall readability relative to Venn diagrams. Unfortunately, almost all existing packages cannot generate publication-quality Euler diagrams in R, although VennEuler does generate Euler diagrams. To address these issues we introduce VennDiagraman R package for generating highly customizable, high-resolution Venn diagrams with up to four sets and Euler diagrams of two or three sets in the R statistical environment.

The VennDiagram package has been developed in and designed for the R statistical environment. R was chosen because of its open-source nature, versatile functions, and general preference within the bioinformatics community. The use of R should facilitate integration with existing data-analysis pipelines. All code was designed and tested using version 2.

The VennDiagram package is available as Additional Files 1 linux. diagram base

VennDiagram uses the grid package for graphics. The grid package is a base standard package available in all installations, and offers more manoeuvrability than default R graphics in terms of graphical options and the existence of modifiable grid objects.

Almost all graphical options in the VennDiagram package have been parameterized and made customizable. Default values were selected to generate sensible diagrams, so in simple cases a high level of customization is not required. Four major graphical parameter groups exist: shape-fill, shape-line, labels and titles.

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Shape-fill refers to the colours within each circle or ellipse. All colours available in the R environment can be used, and alpha-blending can be adjusted on a per-shape basis. Shape-lines are the lines that surround each circle or ellipse.With the new Venn Diagram search in HeinOnline, researchers can visualize the results yield of various keywords to better refine their searches.

Users can not only search with the Venn Diagram within one database, but they can also use it to refine their searches across all subscribed databases. diagram base

Users will be redirected to a page with a search bar, instructions for its use, and a few example searches. Though the original search targeted the combination of these three terms, users can also view the results of other combinations.

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Users will see that all possible search term combinations are highlighted as the cursor hovers over them. Click one of these highlighted circles or intersections to bring up the results of certain combinations.

Click on any other section of the diagram to bring up the results of that search term or search term combination. Standard search options—sorting, MyHein links, Topics, and more—all function within the Venn Diagram search as they do in a basic full-text search in a HeinOnline database. Users can not only perform a Venn Diagram search across all of their subscribed databases, but they can also perform the search within one database.

Was this article helpful? Yes No.UML is a way of visualizing a software program using a collection of diagrams. The notation has evolved from the work of Grady Booch, James Rumbaugh, Ivar Jacobson, and the Rational Software Corporation to be used for object-oriented design, but it has since been extended to cover a wider variety of software engineering projects. UML 2. The key to making a UML diagram is connecting shapes that represent an object or class with other shapes to illustrate relationships and the flow of information and data.

To learn more about creating UML diagrams:.

Art of Problem Solving: Venn Diagrams with Three Categories

The current UML standards call for 13 different types of diagrams: class, activity, object, use case, sequence, package, state, component, communication, composite structure, interaction overview, timing, and deployment. These diagrams are organized into two distinct groups: structural diagrams and behavioral or interaction diagrams.

They describe the static structure of a system. Learn more. Watch this short video about UML Class Diagrams Package Diagram Package diagrams are a subset of class diagrams, but developers sometimes treat them as a separate technique. Package diagrams organize elements of a system into related groups to minimize dependencies between packages.

Object Diagram Object diagrams describe the static structure of a system at a particular time. They can be used to test class diagrams for accuracy.

Composite Structure Diagram Composite structure diagrams show the internal part of a class. Use Case Diagram Use case diagrams model the functionality of a system using actors and use cases.

UML Diagram

Activity Diagram Activity diagrams illustrate the dynamic nature of a system by modeling the flow of control from activity to activity. An activity represents an operation on some class in the system that results in a change in the state of the system.

Typically, activity diagrams are used to model workflow or business processes and internal operation. Sequence Diagram Sequence diagrams describe interactions among classes in terms of an exchange of messages over time. Interaction Overview Diagram Interaction overview diagrams are a combination of activity and sequence diagrams.

They model a sequence of actions and let you deconstruct more complex interactions into manageable occurrences. You should use the same notation on interaction overview diagrams that you would see on an activity diagram. Timing Diagram A timing diagram is a type of behavioral or interaction UML diagram that focuses on processes that take place during a specific period of time. They're a special instance of a sequence diagram, except time is shown to increase from left to right instead of top down.

Communication Diagram Communication diagrams model the interactions between objects in sequence.

Acid and Base Chemistry ( Venn Diagram)

They describe both the static structure and the dynamic behavior of a system. In many ways, a communication diagram is a simplified version of a collaboration diagram introduced in UML 2. State Diagram Statechart diagramsnow known as state machine diagrams and state diagrams describe the dynamic behavior of a system in response to external stimuli.

State diagrams are especially useful in modeling reactive objects whose states are triggered by specific events.

Component Diagram Component diagrams describe the organization of physical software components, including source code, run-time binary code, and executables. Deployment Diagram Deployment diagrams depict the physical resources in a system, including nodes, components, and connections.VP Online makes diagramming simple, with a powerful diagram editor, and a central workspace to access and share your work.

Collect data. Get feedbacks. Share results. No coding required. Get started with our easy-to-use form builder. Spreadsheet-based software for collaborative project and information management.

The free UML tool has with no ad, no limited period of access and no limitations such as, number of diagrams, number of shapes and etc. Draw UML freely. And you own the diagrams you created for personal and non-commercial purposes. Straightforward and fast editing. Here are some of the editing features of the Use Case Diagram editor:. Have the actors and use cases aligned precisely with alignment guide.

Format your use cases and connectors formatting tools: Shape and line format solid, gradient, transparency, etcfont style, rotatable shapes, shape alignment and distribution, embed image and URL, etc. Try it yourself. You will see for yourself that it is everything we say it is, or perhaps more. We use cookies to offer you a better experience. By visiting our website, you agree to the use of cookies as described in our Cookie Policy. VP Forms.

VP Tabular New. Diagram Editor. Diagram Templates. Seamless Collaboration. Make a Use Case Diagram. Draw Use Case Diagram. Export and share with your friends. Powerful Editor Straightforward and fast editing. diagram base

Here are some of the editing features of the Use Case Diagram editor: Drag-to-create shape Well attached connectors no separate apart Include your own shapes in your UML model Hundreds of diagram templates. Nice Drawing Have the actors and use cases aligned precisely with alignment guide.

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Compatible with all web browsers Easy to use: Create and connect shapes with drag and drop. Connectors are sticked to shapes and never separate apart. But don't take our word for it Try it yourself. Get Started. All rights reserved.The spinal cord begins at the base of the brain and extends into the pelvis. Many of the nerves of the peripheral nervous systemor PNS, branch out from the spinal cord and travel to various parts of the body. Information from the senses travels through the nerves of the PNS to the spinal cord and then to the brain for processing, and commands from the brain travel down the spinal cord and then to the appropriate part of the PNS, where nerves transport the instructions to the appropriate body part where action is needed.

To facilitate this process, the spinal cord is divided into two kinds of pathways called tracts. Ascending tracts carry sensory input from the body to the brain, and descending tracts carry commands from the brain down to specific tissues and organs. The spinal cord is also essential for reflex function. For example, jerking away from something hot or sharp is a reflex action. It happens immediately because instructions come from the spine rather than the brain to avoid injury.

The spinal cord, like the brain, has two major layers of protection. First are the vertebrae of the spine, and underneath those are three layers of tough membrane called the meninges. The meninges surround both brain and spinal cord and are filled with a liquid called cerebrospinal fluid. The fluid has several functions, and one of them is shock absorption. The spinal cord can suffer physical damage that can hamper or even halt communication between brain and body. If the spinal cord is severed, the part of the body below the damage is cut off from the commands of the brain, which causes paralysis.

The spinal cord can also be afflicted by disease or disorder. Among these is the birth defect spina bifida, which is the incomplete development of the central nervous system, including the spine. This can affect movement of the legs, incomplete sensation, or loss of bladder control. The spinal cord can also be damaged by tumors.

Whether cancerous or benign, they can put pressure on the cord and impair sensory or motor function. The supraspinatus muscle is a rotator cuff muscle located in the shoulder, specifically in the supraspinatus fossa, a concave depression in the rear…. The adductor hallucis is a two-headed muscle that is responsible for flexing and contracting the big toe, and reinforcing the arch of the foot.

The ankle bones include the calcaneus, cuboid, external cuneiform, internal cuneiform, middle cuneiform, navicular, and talus. The talus sits at the….

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